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Animal Farm Study Guide
Test Thursday, April 1 or 2, 2004
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Characters/Representations

Important Quotes

"All men are enemies. All animals are comrades."
-Major, during his speech (Chapter 1)

"I have little more to say. I merely repeat, remember always your dut of enmity towards Man and all his ways. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. And remember also that in fighting against Man, we must not come to resemble him. Even when you have conquered him, do not adopt his vices."
-Major, during his speech (Chapter 1)

"Each had his own following, and there were some violent debates. At the Meeting Snowball often won over the majority by his brilliant speeches, but Napoleon was better at canvassing support for himself in between times. He was especially successful with the sheep."
-Narrator (Chapter 5)

"It was noticed that they were especially liable to break into 'Four legs good, two legs bad' at crucial moments in Snowball's speeches."
-Narrator, tried to change subject (Chapter 5)

"Napoleon produced no schemes of his own, but said quietly that Snowball's would come to nothing, and seemed to be biding his time."
-Narrator (Chapter 5)

"Only Napoleon held aloof. He had declared himself against the windmill from the start. One day, however, he arrived unexpectedly to examine the plans. He walked heavily round the shed, looked closely at every detail of the plans and snuffed at them once or twice, then stood for a little while contemplating them out of the corner of his eye; then suddenly he lifted his leg, urinated over the plans, and walked out without uttering a word."
-Narrator, Napoleon memorized plans and ruined them (Chapter 5)

"As usual, Snowball and Napoleon were in disagreement. According to Napoleon, what the animals must do was to procure firearms and train themselves in the use of them. According to Snowball, they must send out more and more pigeons and stir up rebellion among the animals on the other farms."
-Narrator, Stalin is paranoid (Chapter 5)

"...they were the puppies whom Napoleon had taken away from their mothers and reared privately."
-Narrator, dogs are KGB (Chapter 5)

"Napoleon, with the dogs following him, now mounted on to the raised portion of the floor where Major had previously stood to deliver his speech."
-Narrator, Napoleon becomes leader (Chapter 5)

"'He fought bravely at the Battle of the Cowshed,' said somebody.
'Bravery is not enough,' said Squealer. 'Loyalty and obedience are more important.'"
-Narrator, referring to snowball (Chapter 5)

"On the third Sunday afer Snowball's expulsion, the animals were somewhat surprised to hear Napoleon announce that the windmill was to be built after all."
-Narrator, Stalin just wanted to get rid of Snowball (Chapter 5)

"That evening Squealer explained privately to the other animals that Napoleon had never in reality been opposed to the windmill. On the contrary, it was he who had advocated it in the beginning, and the plan which Snowball had drawn on the floor of the incubator shed had actually been stolen from among Napoleon's papers."
-Narrator (Chapter 5)

"Throughout the spring and summer they worked a sixty-hour week, and in August Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well. This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half."
-Narrator, overworking and isn't voluntary at all (Chapter 6)

"Frequently it took a whole day of exhausting effort to drag a single boulder to the top of the quarry, and sometimes when it was pushed over the edge it failed to break. Nothing could have been achieved without Boxer, whose strength seemed equal to that of all the rest of the animals put together."
-Narrator, Proletariate is devoted (Chapter 6)

"Clover warned him sometimes to be careful not to overstrain himself, but Boxer would never listen to her. His two slogans, 'I will work harder' and 'Napoleon is always right,' seemed to him a sufficient answer to all problems."
-Narrator (Chapter 6)

"From now onwards Animal Farm would engage in trade with the neighbouring farms; not, of course, for any commercial purpose, but simply in order to obtain certain materials which were urgently necessary."
-Narrator, dissobeying constitution (Chapter 6)

"Once again the animals were conscious of a vague uneasiness. Never to have any dealings with human beings, never to engage in trade, never to make use of money-had not these been among the earliest resolutions passed a that first triumphant Meeting after Jones was expelled? All the animals remembered passing such resolutions: or at least they thought they remembered it. The four young pigs who had protested when Napoleon abolished the Meetings raised their voices timidly, but they were promptly silenced by a tremedous growling from the dogs. Then, as usual, the sheep broke into 'Four legs good, two legs bad!'"
-Narrator, pigs will be killed (Chapter 6)

"...(for of late he had taken to speaking of Napoleon under the title of 'Leader')..."
-Narrator, Napoleon is the leader, everyone isn't equal (Chapter 6)

"I pronounce the death sentence upon Snowball."
-Napoleon, around
1939 (Chapter 6)

"Starvation seemed to stare them in the face."
-Narrator, starvation is coming back (Chapter 7)

"Once again it was being put about that all the animals were dying of famine and disease, and that they were continually fighting among themselves and had resorted to cannibalism and infanticide."
-Narrator (Chapter 7)

"In these days Napoleon rarely appeared in public, but spent all his time in the farmhouse, which was guarded at each door by fierce-looking dogs."
-Narrator, Stalin in hiding thinking people are out to get him (Chapter 7)

"Nine hens had died in the meantime. Their bodies were buried in the orchard, and it was given out that they had died of coccidiosis."
-Narrator, killing them, saying they died of a particular disease (Chapter 7)

"'Our Leader, Comrade Napoleon,' announced Squealer, speaking very slowly and firmly, 'has stated categorically-categorically, comrade-that Snowball was Jones's agent from the very beginning-yes, and from long before the Rebellion was ever thought of.'
'Ah, that is different!' said Boxer. 'If Comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right.'
'That is the true spirit, comrade!' cried Squealer, but it was noticed he cast a very ugly look at Boxer with his little twinkling eyes.'"
-Narrator, Squealer saying to stop asking questions or he will be next (Chapter 7)

"These scenes of terror and slaughter were not what they had looked forward to on that night when old Major first stirred them to rebellion."
-Narrator, recognizing the rebellion has gone wrong (Chapter 7)

"Instead-she did not know why-they had come to a time when no one dared speak his mid, when fierce, growling dogs roamed everywhere, and when you had to watch your comrades torn to pieces after confessing to shocking crimes."
-Narrator (Chapter 7)

"He announced that, by a special decree of Comrade Napoleon, Beasts of England had been abolished. From now onwards it was forbidden to sing it."
-Narrator referring to Squealer, Naopoleon didn't want a rebellion song causing another rebellion (Chapter 7)

"...or thought they remembered-that the Sixth Commandment decreed 'No anmial shall kill any other animal.'"..."'No animal shall kill any other animal without a cause.'"
-Narrator, disobeying constitution (Chapter 8)

"Meanwhile Fredrick and his men had halted about the windmill. The animals watched them, and a murmur of dismay went round. Two of the men had produced a crowbar and a sledge hammer. They were going to knock the windmill down."
-Narrator, Battle of Stalingrad (Chapter 8)

"...'No animal shall drink alcohol,' but there were two words that they had forgotten. Actually the Commandment read: 'No animal shall drink alcohol to excess'."
-Narrator, disoberying constitution (Chapter 8)

"In April, Animal Farm was proclaimed a Republic, and it became necessary to elect a President. There was only one candidate, Napoleon, who was elected unanimously."
-Narrator, Stalin became the premier of USSR (Chapter 9)

"In the middle of the summer Moses the raven suddenly reappeared on the farm, after an absence of several years."
-Narrator, religion returned (Chapter 9)

"'Fools! Fools!' shouted Benjamin, prancing round them and stamping the earth with his small hoofs. 'Fools! Do you not see what is written on the side of that van?'
That gave the animals pause, and there was a hush. Muriel began to spell out the words. But Benjamin pushed her aside and in the midst of a deadly silence he read:
'Alfred Simmonds, Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler, Willingdon. Dealer in Hides and Bone-Meal. Kennels Supplied.'"
-Narrator, Boxer's end (Chapter 9)

"And in a few days' time the pigs intended to hold a memorial banquet in Boxer's honour. Napoleon ended his speech with a reminder of Boxer's two favourite maxims, 'I will work harder' and 'Comrade Napoleon is always right'-maxims, he said, which every animal would do well to adopt as his own."
-Narrator (Chapter 9)

"Squealer was so fat that he could with difficulty see out of his eyes. Only old Benjamin was much the same as ever, except for being a little greyer about the muzzle, and, since Boxer's death, more morose and tactiturn than ever."
-Narrator (Chapter 10)

"Somehow it seemed as thought the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer-except, of course, for the pigs and the dogs."
-Narrator, Russia itself became better, pigs saw money, people had same conditions as before revolution (Chapter 10)

"It was a pig walking on his hind legs.
Yes, it was Squealer. A little awkwardly, as though not quite used to supporting considerable bulk in that position, but with perfect balance, he was strolling across the yard."
-Narrator, CLIMAX Squealer now a Capitalist (Chapter 10)

"He carried a whip in his trotter."
-Narrator, referring to Squealer, during rebellion threw whip in well, now wearing it himself (Chapter 10)

"ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL, BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS."
-Narrator, the new single commandment (Chapter 10)

"Henceforward the farm was to be known as 'The Manor Farm'-which, he believed, was its correct and original name."
-Narrator, referring to Napoleon (Chapter 10)

"The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say whih was which."
-Narrator (Chapter 10)
Points to Know
-Karl Marx born on May 5, 1818 in Trier Germany
died 1883
-Marx said Religion is the Opium of the Masses, and Thesis, Anti-Thesis, Synthesis
-Marx argued with his father
-Vladimir Lenin was born on April 22, 1870 and lived in Simbers
-Lenin was the leader of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP)
-Lenin started the Iscra newspaper
-The RSDLP seperated into the Mensheviks which wanted to change the current government, and the Bolsheviks which wanted to get rid of the government and start a new one.
-Lenin had a few strokes and died on Jan. 21, 1924 on his 4th stroke
-Leon Trotsky was born on November 7, 1879 and assasinated by Stalin on August 20, 1940
-Trotsky was in charge of Russian foreign afairs and military
-George Orwell was born on June 25, 1903
-Orwell wrote "Down and Out in Paris and London" in 1933
-Orwell enlisted in the Spanish Civil war and was injured
-Orwell died on Jan 21, 1950 (same day as Lenin's death)
-Csarist regime- First Manor Farm
USSR- Animal Farm
Russia- Second Manor Farm
-Joseph Stalin was born on Dec. 21, 1879 and died on March 5, 1953
-Stalin issued a Five-Year Plan in 1928 which attemped to industrialize the country.
-Snowball and Boxer received medals in the Battle of the Cowshed
-In Chapter IX, rations were reduced, except for the pigs and the dogs.
-During the Great Purge, Stalin killed millions of his own people